Pollution in Persian Gulfby Morteza Aminmansour
The Persian Gulf is a 600 – mile body of water. Persian Gulf is the most strategic waterways in the world due to its importance in the global oil transportation.
The Persian Gulf is the presence of coral colonies and plant spices and need clear protection because of its crucial role in the earth’s life supporting phenomena.
The Avecina and mangroves plants are among the sea resources that provide an ideal living environment for shrimp.
The plants living on the seabed near the shore are supporting the marine life such as dugongs and turtles. The extraction of oil from coastal areas is causing the most important problem such as pollution.
The eight-year Iraq imposed war against IRAN and KUWAIT inflicted serious damage on Persian Gulf and its biological resources.
Many sea birds and other spices of marine life have perished because of entering millions tones of crude oil into the Persian Gulf.
Because the ecosystem in the Persian Gulf is Vulnerable, regional cooperation among the states is strongly recommended.
The protection of environment cal benefits all countries among the Persian Gulf. I would like to suggest the monitoring the biodiversity, the marine life of the Persian Gulf.
We experienced serious environmental damage in 1991 Gulf war. The world largest oil spill, estimated 8 million barrels. The gulf waters in coastal areas of IRAN, KUWAIT, and SAUDI ARABIA were fouled. The Saudi Arabia had the worst damage. Because the animals and plants of the seafloor are the basis of the food chain, damage to the shoreline consequences for the whole shallow- water ecosystem.
The impact of the damage affected the multimillion-dollar Saudi fisheries industry and surrounding area including Medina al Jubayl. The spill threatened industrial facilities in Al Jubayl . The greatest pollution was experienced in Abu Ali Island. The large number of marine birds, such as grebes, cormorants, and auks were killed.
Beaches along the entire Al Jubayl coastline were covered with tar balls and oil. The exploding and burning of 700 miles oil wells in Kuwait created staggering levels of atmospheric pollution.
The oil spill and oil fires have affected the water quality, Vegetation, human health as major sources of environmental damage including toxic materials.
In 1998 the accident involved a barge laden with crude oil from Iran that was being towed by a Dubai-registered tugboat.
The Ajman desalination plant was shut down as a precautionary measure due to the oil slick that threatened the region.
The Persian Gulf’s waters are the home to diverse range of marine and bird life including five types of turtles, dugongs and dolphins.
Oil spills are a nightmare in the Persian Gulf, the world’s busiest oil channel.
The tanker collisions, tanker washout is among the most illegal activities in the Persian Gulf.
1) Pollution from ships
2) Pollution from Land-based sources
3) Pollution caused by dumping from ships and aircraft
4) Pollution resulting from exploration and exploitation of the bed of the territorial sea, the continental shelf and the sub-soil thereof.
5) Pollution from other human activities
J. Mike Williamson( principal investigator-Whale Net, Britain – Endangered Seas).
Pilot Whales beaches
Stainislav Patin, Environmental impact of the offshore oil and gas industry.
Snehalatha, Protecting the Persian Gulf .
Xinhua news agency, Gulf oil pollution threatens mangroves.
Saudi Arabia , The environment and the 1991 Persian Gulf.
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