Iran Law




  Executive | Legislative | Judicial | Legal Guides | Laws & Regulations | Business & Trade Law | US Trade Sanctions | Iran-US Tribunal | Iran-US Treaties | Int. Court of Justice | Civil Code | Citizenship Law | Drug Law | Election Law | Environmental Law | Natural Resources Law | Family Law | Labor Law | Disability Law | Maritime Law | Caspian Sea Legal Status | NGO Law | Press Law | Associations | Law Firms | Human Rights | HR Activists | Law Sites | Law Journals | News | Islamic Law | Int. Law



Flag of Islamic Republic of Iran

Constitution
Constitution (ICL-English)-Adopted in 1979 and amended in 1989.
Constitution (English)
Constitution (Persian)

State Structure
IVL:
Leadership | Judiciary | Executive | Legislative
Who's Who (BBC)-A collection of Profiles of notable contemporary Iranians. Includes profiles of government officials.
Iran: Who Holds the Power (BBC)-Learn about how Iran's complex political system works and who really wields the power.
The Assembly of Experts-Appoints the Supreme Leader and monitors his performance and can remove him. The 86 members are elected for an eight year term.
The Expediency Council-An advisory body for the Leader which has the responsibilty of resolving the difference between the jusdiciary and the parliament. All the members are appointed by the Supreme Leader.
The Guardian Council (Shoraye Negahban)-The twelve appointed members screen all potential candidates for Assembly of Experts, President and Parliament. The conservative council has the authority to veto legislation they judge to be inconsistent with the Constitution or Islamic law. In Persian only.

Executive
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei (Chief of State)-The official site provides profile of the leader, decrees, speeches, audio/video and much more. | Qom Office
President Hassan Rouhani - Dr. (Head of Government)-Features biographies of the President and members of the cabinet. | Presidential Research Center & Documents

Legislative
Official Name of Parliament: Majlis-e-Shuray-e Islami (National Assembly)
Majlis
Majlis Research Center (Persian)-The official Parliament site provides extensive information on the activities, organisation and members of the legislative body.
Speaker of the Parliament Bio
Majlis Deputies-The 290-members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. Read profiles of all Parliament deputies.
Majlis Research Journal - Majlis va Pajohesh (Persian)
Parliament Legal Affairs (Persian)
Hafezeh Ghavanin: Database of Laws and Regulations (Persian)
Mellat Electronic Newspaper (English/Persian)-Provides comprehensive news and information on the activities of the legislature. Includes current affairs and economic news.
Majlis Library (English/Persian)-Consists of library, museum and historical documents.
The World Directory of Parliamentary Libraries: Iran (Deutscher Bundestag)-Provides information on the Majlis library.
Parliament Primer
Supreme Audit Court-Responsible for auditing and Accountability for the Parliament.
The Guardian Council (Shoraye Negahban)-The twelve appointed members screen all potential candidates for Assembly of Experts, President and Parliament. The conservative council has the authority to veto legislation they judge to be inconsistent with the Constitution or Islamic law. In Persian only.

Judicial
Iran Judiciary (English/Persian)-Information on laws, courts, affiliated organizations and more.
Iran's supreme court (Divan Alee Keshvar)
Iran Judiciary: Legal Documents Office
The Judiciary Law Journal
Iran's Judicial Training & Research Center (English/Persian)-Provides an overview of the judicial system. Includes selected laws, legal articles and links to related sites.
High Council for Human Rights
Bureau of International Affairs
Faculty of Judical Sciences
Center for Judiciary Lawyers and Experts
Tehran Judiciary (Dadgostary)-In Persian only.
Iran Military Court (Persian)-Provides information on the courts jurisdiction and procedures. Includes news and online journals.
Iranian Official Journal-In Persian Only
Judiciary News
Judiciary Branch General Inspectionn Organization-In Persian Only
Notary Public
Prosecutor's Office (Dadsetani)
Supreme Audit Court
Ministry of Justice
Minister of Justice-Provides a brief biography.

Legal Guides
Guide to Law Online: Iran (Law Library of Congress)-Highlights the constitution, executive, legislative and judicial power structures, the Parliament and online resources.
FindLaw: Iran-offers a list of online internet resources.
JURIST: Iran-Provides an overview of the government, the presidency, the legal and judicial systems, courts & judgments, human rights and online resources.

Iran Laws and Regulations
Iranian Legislations (English)-Iranian civil, commercial code and business laws.
Iran Law Database (Persian)-by Tehran Justice Administration

Business & Trade Law
Trade Laws-Comprehensive coverage of trade laws in Iran.
Foreign Investment In Iran
Laws and Regulations (IRTP)-Banking laws
Commercial Code of Iran
Iran Export-Import Laws and Regulations of 2011
Iran's Customs Regulations
Regulations on Exports, Imports
Iran Foreign Investment Company (IFIC)
Iran's Taxation System
Taxation in Iran
Free Trade Zones Law & Regulation
Law on Insurance Operations in FTZs
A Review of the Law of "Trade and Industrial Free Zones"
Full Text of Bylaw on Monetary and Banking Operations in FTZs
Foreign Investments in Iran
Rights of Foreign Nationals (IRTP)
Full Text of New Law on Encouragement and Protection of Foreign Investment (July 8, 2002)
The New Foreign Investment Law (August 2000)
Iran: Foreign Investment Debate Heats Up (RFE/RL)
1955 Foreign Investment Law
Technology Law Studies Committee
ICT Laws & Rules
Insurance Law in Iran
The 1997 Iranian International Commercial Arbitration Law
Update, Thoughts and Perspectives on Iran's International Arbitration Regime

Law Firms

Intellectual Property
Copyright Law (UNESCO Translation)
Iran: WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization-In Adobe PDF-Format.
Ratification by the Islamic Republic of Iran of the Stockholm Act (1967) - WIPO
Trademark laws of Iran-By an IP attorney.
Registering Trademarks and Patents in Iran

US Trade Sanctions
Sanctions Program Summaries - Iran-By U.S. Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control.
Treasury Eases Restrictions To Assist Humanitarian Relief Activities For Earthquake Victims In Iran - OFAC (Decmber 31, 2003)
Sanctions Against Iran (Global Policy)
U.S. Sanctions Biting Iran (CFR)
Economic Sanctions, Oil, and Iran - Full Report (PDF)
A Review Of US Unilateral Sanctions Against Iran - MEES (August 26, 2002)
World Energy Sanctions (U.S. Energy Information)
Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (PDF) and HTML format
Fact Sheet: The Iran and Libya Sanctions Act of 1996
Albright Statement on Waiving Iran-Libya Sanctions (May 18, 1998)
Report to the Congress, Iran and Libya Sanctions Act (May 18, 1998)
Treasury Deputy Secretary Stuart E. Eizenstat Statement on Sanctions (July 26, 1999)
Statement by Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman On New Regulations Providing Sanctions Relief for Agriculture (July 26, 1999)
Extension of Iran and Libya Sanctions Act (August 3, 2001)
Extension of Iran and Libya Sanctions Act (July 31, 2003)

Executive Orders

Iran-US Claims Tribunal
The Algiers Accords (January 19, 1981)
Iran-United States Claims Tribunal (Official Site)
US Department of State Info on Iran-US Claims Tribunal
The Iran-United States Claims Tribunal?s contributions to the Law of State Responsibility

Iran-US Treaties
Treaties in Force as of January 1, 2003 (U.S. Department of State)-Read pages 139, 140, 141 in pdf format.
Clipping page 139 (gif) | Clipping page 140 (gif) | Clipping page 141 (gif)
Iran/United States Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations and Consular Rights, signed at Tehran on 15 August 1955


International Court of Justice
Oil Platforms (Islamic Republic of Iran v. United States of America)
Aerial Incident of 3 July 1988 (Islamic Republic of Iran v. United States of America)
United States Diplomatic and Consular Staff in Tehran (United States v. Iran) (1979-1981)
Anglo-lranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran) (1951-1952)

Agreements and Treaties

Civil Code
Civil Code of Iran
Civil Code of Iran - UNHCR-Book Concerning Nationality

Citizenship Law
Citizenship Law
Citizenship Laws of the World - PDF (US Office of Personnel Management) | Clipping page 97 - Iran (GIF)
Citizenship Rights in Iran: One Step Forward, Many More to Take (Qantara)
Birth Registration in Iran: An analysis of the state of relevant laws in Iran (UNICEF)

Drug Law
Anti-narcotic Drug Law (UNODC)-Adopted on October of 1998 and amended on July 1, 1989.
Country Profile (UNCDP)
UNODC Country Programme (2011-2014)
Iran loses its drugs war - Le Monde diplomatique (March 2002)

Election Law
Election Law
Iran Electoral Archive
Iranian parliamentary elections Guide

Environmental Law
Treaties Status Matrix for Iran (Ecolex)
Country Profile (UNEP)
International Conventions/Declarations (UNEP)
Iran: ICM Country Profile
Environmental Protection Law (FAO)
Iran: Environmental Issues - U.S. DOE (May 2002)
Green Movement in Iran (ELAW)
Department of the Environment (English/Persian)


Party to International Environmental Treaties

Natural Resources Law
Mining Law
Mining Code of Iran
Petroleum Act
Barrows Compay (Subscription Service)-International reference library for oil, gas, and mineral laws.
Law of Exploitation and protection of the Aquatic Resources (FAO)
Law concerning the Exploitation and Protection of Aquatic Resources (FAO)

Family Law
Iran Family Law (Emory University)
Law pertaining to population and family planning (Harvard University)
The 2007 Family Protection Bill in Iran
Family Law (Persian)
Family, law and education for women in the Muslim world
Chronology of Events Regarding Women in Iran since the Revolution of 1979.
Human Rights of Women in Iran: The Universalist Approach and the Relativist Response
The Islamic Revolution's Impact on the Legal and Social Status of Iranian Women
The Legal Status of Iranian Women
Special Rule and Regulations regarding Women in IRI
National Report on Women I (IRIB)
National Report on Women II (IRIB)
Iran: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad urges girls to marry at 16 (The Guardian)
Love Finds a Way in Iran: 'Temporary Marriage' (NY Times)
Iran women get more divorce rights (BBC)
Women's Resources

Public Health Law
Iran: World Health Organization (WHO)
Iran: Health Legislation (WHO)
Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) - Islamic Republic of Iran (WHO)
Abortion in Iran
Abortion in Iranian Law

Labor Law
Iran Labour Law (ILO)
Iran Labor Code (ILO)
Report on Iran's Labor Market (ILO)

Disability Law
Government Country Reports on the UN Standard Rules - Iran-The Iranian Government replies to the UN's questionnaire monitoring the implementation of the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities.
A socio-physical study towards building barrier-free urban environment in Iran
Urban planning and architecture for disabled persons in Iran: Establishing design criteria
Iran: Election Access
Social Security Programs Throughout the World - Iran

Islamic Penal Law
Islamic Penal Law in Iran - UNHCR


Maritime Law
Maritime Law-Provides a brief overview of Iranian maritime law.
Iran: Legislation & Maritime boundary delimitation agreements (UN)

Caspian Sea Legal Status
Caspian Sea Region: Legal Issues (DOE)
"The Legal Status of the Caspian Sea." (Middle East Institute)
Teheran: Legal Status of the Caspian Sea should be Based on USSR-Iran Treaties (Pravda)

NGO Law
NGO Regulations in Iran (ICNL)
A Synopsis of Law Reform for Iranian NGOs
NGOs in Iran (UNODC)

Parties Law
Parties Law and Its Relevant Executive Regulations
List of Legally Registered Parties in Iran

Press Law
Press Law-Ratified on March 19, 1986.
Press Freedom in Iran (HRW)
Reporters sans frontières - Iran
Internet Controls & Censorship in Iran, 2009-2012
Internet Filtering in Iran in 2004-2005: A Country Study

Membership in International Organizations

Associations
Iran Bar Association Union (English/Persian)
Iranian Central Bar Association
Iranian Association of Penal Law
German-Iranian association for Law and Banking Administration (D. I. V. R. B.)
Iranian-American Bar Association (IABA)
Iranian Canadian Lawyers' Association (ICLA)
Law Association of Québec
Société des Avocats et Juristes Franco-Iraniens

Law Firms
Adib Law Firm-Provides a full range of services relating to domestic and international law.
Z.A.Afshari -Specializes in Intellectual Property law and computer science.
Dr. Alexander Aghayan & Associates, Inc.-Specializes in intellectual property and international trade.
Behrooz Akhlaghi & Associates-Handles a wide range of practice areas including civil and commercial law, energy, foreign investment law and litigation.
Alavi & Associates-Focuses on corporate law.
Hassan Amirshahi & Associates-Handles a wide range of practice areas including civil and commercial litigation, investments, incorporation and oil & gas issues.
Atai & Associates-Specializes in international business law, investment Law, corporate law and litigation.
Atieh Associates- Full-service international business law firm in Iran.
Albert Bernardi & Associates-Practicing law firm since 1950, specialized in International business, maritime and corporate law, intellectual property, foreign investment and joint ventures.
Reza Badamchi & Associates-Specializes in Intellectual property rights, including patents and trademarks.
Bokharai & Associates-Specializes in intellectual property, civil and Corporate law and business law.
Dena Law Office-Practicing business and civil law.
Hami Legal Services Inc.-Patent and Trademark Agents.
Ebadi Tabrizi & Associates-Provides a wide range of legal services in Iran including IP matters.
Dr. Ali Laghaee & Associates-Specializes in the field of intellectual property and corporate law.
Iran Counselors-Specializes in banking, investment, commercial law and civil law.
Iranlaw.com-Business Law firm in Iran.
Homan Masum-Specializes in Alternative dispute resolution, Litigation, R&D and consulting services.
Abbas Mohajerian & Partners-Practicing in the Area of trademark, patent, litigation and arbitration.
J. Nouraei And M. Mostafavi Law Office-Counsels clients in trade, investments and business transactions.
Pars Associates-Provides a full range of services to domestic and international clients.
Parviz Savrai & Associates-International business Law firm handling international trade, foreign investments, oil and gas projects and litigation.
Shams Law Firm (Persian)
Tavakoli & Shahabi-Specializes in corporate and business law.
Shamsaei & Associates -Specializes in international trade. Clients include domestic as well as foreign companies.
Nader Sheybani & Associates-Specializes in corporate law, international business law and oil & gas.
Directory of Iranian law firms by Practice Area (Hieros Gamos)

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Iran
Iran: HRW
Documents on Iran: HRW
Human & Constitutional Rights: Iran
Iran--Treaties: Ratifications and Revervations," (HRI)
High Council for Human Rights (Judiciary)
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2009
Department of State, International Religious Freedom Report for 2009
More...

Human Rights Activists
Mohammad Ali Dadkhah
Shirin Ebadi
Mehrangiz Kar
Mohsen Rahami
Shadi Sadr
Mohammad Seifzadeh
Abdolfattah Soltani
Nasrin Sotoudeh
Nasser Zarafchan

Law Faculties
Allame Tabataba'ee University (ATU)
Faculty of Judical Sciences
Shahid Beheshti University (slow server)
Shiraz University
University of Tehran (English) and Persian Site
University of Tehran Faculty of Law and Political Sciences

Law Journals
International Law Jurnal
Journal of Law
The Judiciary Law Journal

Law Sites
Ghanoon (Persian)
Hoghoogh (Persian)
Hoghooghdanan (Persian)
Iranian Law Review Virtual Department
Iranian Lawyers Institute (Persian)
Legal Research Center (Persian)
Majd Publications
Vekalat

History
The Laws of the Ancient Persians

News Stories
Cleric rules out women candidates - BBC (May 16, 2013)
Iran arrests another journalist in campaign against the press - CPJ (March 4, 2013)
The Sanctions On Iran Are Against International Law: Thierry Meyssan - CC (March 3, 2013)
Proposed Bill To Limit Iranian Women's Travel Reportedly Canceled - RFE/RL (February 22, 2013)
Iran Parliament Mulls New Restrictions On Women's Travel - RFE/RL (January 15, 2013)
Iran limits areas where Afghan immigrants can live - BBC (July 6, 2012)
Iran moves to ban stoning - Telegraph (February 13, 2012)
Victim forgives man who disfigured her in acid attack - BBC (August 11, 2011)
Iran gets the hump over camel price link to accident payouts - The Guardian (June 3, 2011)
Iran acid attack: Ameneh Bahrami's quest for justice - BBC (June 1, 2011)
Acid blinding sentence postponed by Iran after international outcry - The Guardian (May 14, 2011)
Iranian lawmakers slam UN human rights resolution against Iran - Xinhua (March 28, 2011)
Iran rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh 'gets 11 years jail' - BBC (January 10, 2011)
Iranian student's execution halted by prison governor - The Guardian (December 26, 2010)
Iran set to execute woman accused of murdering lover's wife - The Guardian (November 30, 2010)
Iran airs 'interview with Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani' - BBC (September 16, 2010)
Iran steps up campaign against activists and lawyers - The Guardian (September 6, 2010)
France asks EU to ponder measures against Iran over human rights - CNN (August 27, 2010)
Iran set to execute 18-year-old on false charge of sodomy - The Guardian (August 8, 2010)
World rallies for Iranian woman sentenced to death - BBC (July 24, 2010)
Iran enforces new women's inheritance law - Press TV (March 12, 2009)
Kurdish women's rights activist released in Iran - Amnesty (February 27, 2009)
Iran 'to stop executing youths' - BBC (October 17, 2008)
Iran rejects easing polygamy law - BBC (September 2, 2008)
EU attacks Iran's new penal code - BBC (February 26, 2008)
Execution of a teenage girl - BBC (July 22, 2006)
Iran women sports ruling vetoed - BBC (May 8, 2006)
Iran backs down on reformist ban - BBC (May 24, 2005)
Ebadi anger at women election ban - BBC (April 25, 2005)
Iran liberalises laws on abortion - BBC (April 12, 2005)
Iran girl gets 100 lashes for sex - BBC (February 24, 2005)
Iranian MPs threaten mobile deal - BBC (January 31, 2005)
Iranian MPs approve uranium bill - BBC (October 31, 2004)
Iranian MPs vote for Turkish veto - BBC (September 27, 2004)
Iranian MPs back investment veto - BBC (September 22, 2004)
Iranian Nobel Peace Prize Winner Says Human Rights Ignored by Tehran - VOA News (September 10, 2004)
Analysis: Iranian justice on trial - BBC (July 18, 2004)
Tehran to indict Saddam over war - BBC (July 7, 2004)
Iran to ban water-pipe in public - BBC (June 20, 2004)
Court rejects Iran hostage claim - BBC (June 14, 2004)
Iran MPs push for women's rights - BBC (May 10, 2004)
Analysis: Iran voting resumes - BBC (May 6, 2004)
Belgian sisters return from Iran - BBC (May 6, 2004)
Iran: Judiciary Orders Ban on Torture, But Why Now, And Will It Have Any Effect? - RFE (April 29, 2004)
Iran shuts down reformist papers - BBC (February 19, 2004)
Iran MPs dismiss election review - BBC (February 6, 2004)
How Iran votes - BBC (February 3, 2004)
Iranian MPs resign seats in poll row - The Guardian (February 2, 2004)
Showdown or backdown? - The Economist (February 2, 2004)
Iran government 'may cancel' poll - BBC (January 31, 2004)
Iran hardliners 'reject reform' - BBC (January 25, 2004)
President vows to stay in post despite election ban on reformists - The Guardian (January 22, 2004)
Iran body allows 200 candidates - BBC (January 20, 2004)
Their last chance? - The Economist (January 15, 2004)
Iran's leader calls for poll ban rethink - The Guardian (January 15, 2004)
Showdown as Iran MPs protest at election ban - The Guardian (January 12, 2004)
Video Summary of the Nobel Peace Prize Lecture (7 min.) - Nobel Museum (December 10, 2003)
'September 11 an excuse for human rights abuse' - Aftenposten (December 10, 2003)
Busy day for peace prize winner - Aftenposten (December 10, 2003)
Iranian Women Win Better Child Custody Rights - Feminist Daily News Wire (December 5, 2003)
Alarming spiral of human rights violations mar positive steps - Amnesty International (November 19, 2003)
Press Release: Oil Platforms (Islamic Republic of Iran v. United States of America) - ICJ (November 6, 2003)
World Court scolds US over Iran - BBC (November 6, 2003)
Women in Iran - The Economist (October 16, 2003)
Shirin Ebadi wins Nobel Peace Prize - Aftenposten (October 10, 2003)
The Nobel Peace Prize 2003 - press release (October 10, 2003)
Interview with Shirin Ebadi - NPR (October 10, 2003)
Hard-Liners Strike Down Bill To Loosen Election Restrictions - RFE (August 15, 2003)
Iran women's bill rejected - BBC (August 12, 2003)
Iran tells women to button up - BBC (May 25, 2003)
Iran steps up net censorship - BBC (May 12, 2003)
Seven journalists sentenced to a total of 52 years in prison - Reporters sans frontières (May 10, 2003)
Iran hardliners reject reform bill - BBC (May 9, 2003)
Iran's legal system 'flawed' - BBC (February 26, 2003)
Iranian actress escapes lashing - BBC (February 23, 2003)
Iran sues US in world court for helping Saddam kill Iranians - AFN (February 22, 2003)
Court hears Iranian claim against US - BBC (February 18, 2003)
USA der Unterstützung des Iraks beschuldigt - Spiegel Online (February 17, 2003)
Improve human rights, EU urges Iran - BBC (February 4, 2003)
Tehran court rules against US - Christian Science Monitor (February 3, 2003)
Iran lifts press ban - The Guardian (January 27, 2003)
Iranian football club admits female fans - BBC (January 10, 2003)
Cracks open in Iran judiciary - BBC (December 10, 2002)
Iran revalues price of non-Muslim lives - BBC (November 4, 2002)
Iran's women fans await stadium access - BBC (September 22, 2002)
Tehran schoolgirls shed the veil - BBC (August 1, 2002)
Human-Rights Activists Win Partial Victory In Battle Against Child Marriage - RFE (June 28, 2002)
Iran custody bill progresses - CNN (May 29, 2002)
Judiciary Cracks Down On Reformists Through Questionable Actions - RFE (April 12, 2002)
Jail for outspoken Iran MP - BBC (August 21, 2001)
Row over public floggings in Iran - BBC (August 15, 2001)
Libya and Iran hit by new sanctions - BBC (August 4, 2001)
Iran MPs challenge political trials - BBC (May 27, 2001)
Russians live by Iranian rules - BBC (March 16, 2001)
U.S. Said To Re-Examine Sanctions Law - RFE (January 21, 2001)
Iran overturns women's study ban - BBC (January 7, 2001)
UN urges Iran to respect law - BBC (November 10, 2000)
Iran retaliates against US compensation legislation - BBC (October 31, 2000)
Iran's unique election - BBC (February 24, 2000)

Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Resources
Islamic and Middle Eastern Law (SOAS)
Islamic Family Law (Emory University)
Islamic Family Law (U.S. Department of State)
Islamic Law - Sharia (LLRX)
Islamic jurisprudence
Islamic Law
Islamic Law Infobase
Islamicatalogue Law Index
Middle East Legal Systems (Cornell University)
World Legal Materials from the Middle East (Cornell University)

International Law
ASIL Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law
Comparative/Foreign Law (LLRX)
Electronic Research - Foreign Law (Cambridge University)
Foreign and International Law (Washburn University)
Guide to Law Online
An Annotated Guide to Selected International/Foreign Law Internet Resources
International Court of Justice
International Criminal Court
International Agencies and Information on the Web
INTUTE: Law Gateway
Law from around the world (Cornell University)
Law Resource Center (World Bank)
Permanent Court of Arbitration
Resources for international law (Kent Law School)
UN: Law
DMOZ: International Law

Related Links
Iran Government
Iran Politics


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