Today's Women of Iran are Satisfied with their Family Life

Abrar, Daily Newspaper
No. 1901, Sep. 8th, 2001, Page 8

Most of Iranian women are satisfied with their life and in case they get married again they will choose the same life style. Most of women in Iran believe that they should, to some extent, be obedient to their husbands and accordingly men should, to some degree, be loyal to their wives. Most of employed women spend their incomes under supervision of their husbands and their bonus and overtime revenues on household affairs. They believe that women's authority at home have increased substantially compared to the past.

Who are today's women? How do they determine what is of more significance to them? What is their primary interest? How hopeful are they and how happy are they?

At present, women's attitude towards life certainly differs greatly from that of the older generation, considering all the various ups and downs they have to face in today's community. They live a different life and think differently. A new generation of young women have come into being who are opting for equal rights with men, and participation in social, political, scientific, cultural, and economic fields. Despite having gone through many problems throughout the history, and having their rights ignored by men, today's women are struggling against injustice, and are looking for some way to achieve their goals and ideals. However, they certainly have to go through a lot to this very end.

Here is the excerpt of a survey in which many women were asked to express their views on the issue:

What's the most important interest of today's women? Approximately 36.6 percent of those surveyed referred to their children, while occupation and financial issues came next at about 33 percent, political issues accounted for 13.5 percent, women's rights in the community stood at 12 percent, while security was more important to 5 percent of them.

Also according to the result obtained, 67 percent were quite hopeful, 24 percent partially hopeful, and just 9 percent disappointed.

Another question posed by the surveying group was about 'feeling happy in life' which brought up a variety of reactions including 43 percent feeling very happy, 40 percent feeling happy to some extent, 13 percent feeling rarely happy, and 4 percent feeling not happy at all.

Also the response of women concerning the extent of their satisfaction with their marriage shows that 33 percent are quite satisfied, 32 percent are satisfied, 21 percent are satisfied to some extent, 7 percent are a little satisfied, and one percent are just barely satisfied, while the percentage of women satisfied with their marriage stands at six percent.

Some 37 percent replied that if they were given another opportunity to get married, they would have picked up their present life, 22 percent would have opted for their present life provided they would be able to make changes of their own; 12 percent underlined the crucial changes of their own at their present life, while only 20 percent would have chosen a better life with a more mature approach. Eventually nine percent didn't have any idea!

Here are some comments made by the women under survey:

1) Q: Are women's right violated at present?

A: Very often (17.5 percent), to some extent (30 percent), rarely (16 percent), never (4.5 percent)

2) Q: Should women obey their husbands?

A: Certainly (15 percent), to some extent (51 percent), a little (24 percent), not at all (10 percent)

3) Q: Do women who never get married have a comfortable life?

A: Sure (4.5 percent), yes (16 percent), to some extent (23 percent), not much (35.5 percent), not at all (21 percent)

4) Q: Do women have more authority at home?

A: Very much (13 percent), yes (41.5 percent), to some extent (38.5 percent), less (6 percent), not at all (1 percent)

5) Q: Are the present men loyal to their wives?
A: Very much (2.5 percent), very (16.5 percent), to some extent (42.5 percent), little (33 percent), not at all (5.5 percent).

6) Q: Do women work harder today than men?

A: Very much (2.5 percent), hard (16.5 percent), to some extent (42.5 percent), a little (33 percent), not at all (5.5 percent).

The statistical aspect of the survey:

The women participating in the survey were within the following age range: 7 percent below 20 years old, 52 percent within 20-30 years old, 23 percent within 31-40 years old, 14 percent within 41-50 years old, and seven percent over 50 years old. While 18 percent were not high school graduates, 33 percent were high school graduates, 24 percent were students, 23 percent were university graduates, and two percent were post graduate or higher.

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