Environment and Nature

Official Sites | Faculties | Associations | News | Environmental Law | Int. Environmental Treaties | Air Pollution | Coral Reefs | Water Resources | Desertification | Forests | Wetlands | Energy | World Bank Projects | Caspian Sea | Lake Urmia | Persian Gulf | Articles | Int. Organizations | Fauna | Flora | Books | Video | Ecotours

Iran - UNEPLive
Iran Environmental Sanpshot (UNSTATS)Avan Lake, Iran - ISNA
Iran - ICM Country Profile
Environmental Performance Index
Country Profile (UN Division for Sustainable Development)
Aquastat (UN FAO)
Biosphere Reserve Location Map
Focal point for biosphere reserves (UNESCO)
Iran Environment - current issues (IndexMundi)
Iran Environmental Issues (DOE)
Iran Environment Reources (Atieh Bahar)
Conservation in The Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran, Islamic Republic Environment Indicators (World Bank)

Borujerd (pronounced Voroyerd by locals) - Luristan Province, Iran - ISNA

Official Sites
Department of Environment (Persian) | English Site
DOE: National Committee for Sustainable Development
Biodiversity Strategy (NBSAP)
Center for Environment and Research Studies (CEERS)
College of Environment
Climate Change Office
Environmental Impact Assessment, IRAN
Iranian National Center for Oceanography
Iranian National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage
Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Research Institute (SCWMRI)
Zonouz near Marand, East Azerbaijan, Iran - ISNA

Faculties of Environmental Studies
University of Tehran

Iranian Society of Environmentalists-A non-governmental organization that promotes environmental knowledge and protecting Iran's environment.
Iranian Association of Environmental Health
Iranian Association of Environmental Assessment
Iran Society for Development of Landscape and Environmental Conservation (ISDLE)
Iranian Association of Naval Architecture and Marine Engeeniering
The Centre for Sustainable Development (CENESTA)-An NGO dedicated to promoting sustainable community and culture-based development.
Green Front of Iran-A non-governmental organization that promotes sound environmental management measures and sustainable development in Iran.
Green Movement in Iran (ELAW)
Green Wave Front
Iran NGO Initiative-Promotes environmental protection and sustainable development. Also aims at improving the health status of the population especially, women and children.
Iran International Green Film Festival
Nature Front

Iran Environmental News Agency (Persian)
Iran Environment and Wildlife Watch (Persian)Abyaneh, Iran - ISNA
Journal of Environmental Sciences (Persian)
Financial Tribune (English)
Green Press (Persian)
Iran's Environment News (English)
Iran - Cleantech and Environment News
Live Green (Persian)
Article on Environment (Google News)
Article on Environment (Persian)
Iran Green Pen: The Iranian Environmentalist Website (Archive)

Ecolex: Treaty Status Matrix for Iran (Environmental Law)
Environmental Protection Law (FAO)

Party to International Environmental Treaties
International Conventions/Declarations (UNEP)Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
Biodiversity Convention
Climate Change Convention
Convention to Combat Desertification
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
Basel Convention on Hazardous Waste
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resource of the High Seas-signed, but not ratified
Environmental Modification Convention-signed, but not ratified
Law of the Sea-signed, but not ratified

Air PolutionTehran Urbanization - NASA (August 2, 1985)
Air Quality Control Company | Tehran Air Quality
Iran's Air Pollution Abatement Programme (UNESCAP)
Iran: World Bank Loan to Help Fight Pollution
Iranian City Ranked World's Worst For Air Pollution - RFE/RL (May 12, 2016)
Ahvaz in Iran tops WHO air pollution index (BBC Video)
Tehran Urbanization - NASA (November 20, 2009)
Smog in Tehran - NASA (December 12, 2005)

Water Resources
Iran Water Resources Management Organization (Persian)Gorgan Bay - Caspian Sea, Iran
National Water And Waste Water Engineering co.
Water Research Institute
Water Resources and Freshwater Ecosystems (WRI)
Iran: Climate and water
Abangan (Water Crisis) | Video


Iran CavesDasht-e Kavir (Great Salt Desert), Iran

Coral Reefs
Reef check surveys in Iran
Coral Reefs in Iran
Coral Reefs and Related Ecosystems in Iran Monitoring and Management
Vulnerable Marine Zones of Iran (The Environment Scientific Quarterly)
Iran Coral Reefs Map (NOAA) | Large Map

Carbon Sequestration ProjectDasht-e Kavir - Ikonos-2 satellite
Desert & Dryland Research Institute - Yazd University
Desertification vulnerability in Varamin Plain, Central of Iran
Desertification in Iran (UN)
Assessment of drought impact on crops and natural vegetation in Iran
Desert rehabilitation and control desertification in Iran
Assessment the Effect of Drought on Vegetation in Desert Area using Landsat Data
Drought and desertification in Iran
Iran: Land Use
Iran Deserts
New Technologies to Combat Desertification
Salt Dome in the Zagros Mountains, Iran

Iran Forest Resources (FAO)
Forestry in Iran
Research Institute of Forest and Rangelands
Int. Affairs & Public Relations Bureau of Forest, Range
and Watershed Management Org.

Iran Glaciers (USGS)Shadegan, Iran - November 15, 2016
Iran's Salt Glaciers (NASA)

Iran: Wetlands.org | Wetlands International
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
Conserving Iran and Iraq’s wetlands (UNEP)
Iran's wetlands: A smile amid grief - Mehr News (February 2, 2015)
Dust Storm in Afghanistan - MODIS (August 8, 2004)Iran - ISNA
Wetlands between Afghanistan and Iran Drying Out - UN (February 25, 2003)
Afghan wetlands 'almost dried out' - BBC (February 7, 2003)
From Wetland to Wasteland (NASA)
Iran’s wetlands (Articles)

Oil, Gas and Petrochemicals
Power Generation
Nuclear Energy

World Bank Projects
Iran | Country BriefBand of vegetation on the northern side of the Elburz Mountains in Iran - NASA/NOAA - November 2012
World Bank Loan To Support Iran's Caspian Provinces In Managing Scarce Water Resources (May 26, 2005)
World Bank To Support Urban Upgrading, Water Supply And Sanitation (May 26, 2004)
Environmental Management Support Project - World Bank (April 9, 2003)
World Bank Loan to Help Fight Pollution - World Bank (April 9, 2003)
World Band Projects & Programs

Caspian Sea
Caspian Environment Org
Caspian Sea Region: Environmental Issues (U.S. Department of Energy)
Caspian Environment
Caspian Sea Environment Protection Foundation
Caspian Studies
Crude Accountability (Caspian NGO)
Tehran Convention
Dynamic Earth Environments: Caspian Sea (NASA)
Geographical, Geological and Ecological Effects of Caspian Sea-Level Fluctuations (NASA)
Water Features and Water Issues: Caspian Sea (NASA)
$6.5 Million GEF Grant for Caspian Sea Protection - Washington File (November 26, 2003)
Caspian Sea pact agreed - BBC (November 5, 2003)
Experts debate ailing Caspian Sea - BBC (October 9, 2002)Russia Iran joint stamp: Caspian Sea otter and sturgeon
Study of the Caspian Sea Coastline Changes Using Satellite Data (Iran Space Agency)
Caspian Sea-Level Rise: An Environmental Emergency
Ecosystem and environment Caspian Sea
Iran's Integrated Coastal Management plan: Persian Gulf, Oman Sea, and southern Caspian Sea coastlines
Caspian Sea Region | Caspian Sea Environment

Lake Urmia
Urmia Lake Restoration
ULRP (Persian)Lake Orumiyeh, Iran - NASA (Nov 9, 2011)
Lake Urmia (The Iran Project)
Lake Urmia (Lakepedia)
Lake Urmia (USGS)
Lake Urmia (Iranica)
Red Lake Urmia - NASA (July 26, 2016)
Vanishing Lake - NASA (February 17, 2015)
Lake Urmia, Iran - NASA (July 12, 2014)
Lake Orumiyeh, Iran - NASA (November 9, 2011)
Lake Urmia - Iran - February 8, 2003 (NASA)
Lake Urmia - Iran - August 23, 2002 (NASA)

Persian Gulf
Research into lost marine life helps Iran - Bradford U. (November 12, 2003)
Toxic sulfur dioxide smoke across Iraq and Iran - MODIS (June 30, 2003)Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman - MODIS (December 30, 2001)
Oil wells burning in Southern Iraq - MODIS (March 21, 2003)
Gulf environment faces worse threats - BBC (March 14, 2003)
Black smoke is visible over Iraq - MODIS (February 22, 2003)
Kuwait still recovering from Gulf War fires - CNN (January 3, 2003)
The Environment and the 1991 Persian Gulf War (LOC)
Persian Gulf Oil Fires - NOAA (February 8 - March 11, 1991)
Kuwait oil Fires - April 1991 (NASA)
Kuwait City Oil Fires April 1991 (NASA)
1991 Kuwait oil Fires (NASA)
Smoke From The Kuwait Oil Well Fires - 1991 (NASA)
Environmental Consequences Of The Gulf War - Excerpts from the Congressional Record (April 16, 1991)
The Human and Environmental Aspects of the Persian Gulf War - Excerpts from the Congressional Record (March 22, 1991)
Environmental and Economic Repercussions of the Persian Gulf War on Kuwait
Environmental Warfare: 1991 PERSIAN GULF WAR
Gulf War Impact on Marine Environment and SpeciesPersian Gulf Dolphin - US Navy
The Environment: Another casualty of war? (WRI)
The Persian Gulf Dugong
Pollution in Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center
Persian Gulf Biotechnology Park
Journal of the Persian Gulf Marine Science
Persian Gulf Region

One million birds killed illegally every year at a wildlife site in Iran - The Guardian (February 24, 2018)
Can Iran and Afghanistan cooperate to bring an oasis back from the dead? - Science Magazine (February 21, 2018)
Warming, Water Crisis, Then Unrest: How Iran Fits an Alarming Pattern - NY Times (January 18, 2018)
Iranians Pray For Rain Amid Water Crisis - RFE/RL (January 17, 2018)
Hundreds of dead sharks wash up on Iranian island - BBC (December 19, 2017)
Asiatic cheetahs on the brink of extinction with only 50 left alive - The Guardian (December 16, 2017)
Could Iran’s sand storms be fought with nanotechnology? - France24 (November 16, 2017)
Iran moves to save last 'mascot' Asiatic cheetahs - Digital Journal (October 29, 2017)
UN Officials to Attend Dust Storms Confab in Tehran - Financial Tribune (June 29, 2017)
Caspian Forests Destroyed by Cement Factory - Financial Tribune (June 20, 2017)
Urmia Lake Stabilizes - Financial Tribune (June 15, 2017)
Monitoring dam movement from space - The Guardian June 4, 2017)
See the Ancient Water Tunnels Below Iran's Desert - National Geographic (May 31, 2017)
Forget the politics. Iran has bigger problems. - WP (May 16, 2017)
Heavy Rainfall Boosts Urmia Lake Inflow - Financial Tribune (April 18, 2017)
Lake Urmia - Atlas Obscura (March 31, 2017)
Iran launches project for inland use of water from Sea of Oman - Xinhua (March 23, 2017)
Dam project promises water – but also conflict – for dusty Afghan border lands - The Guardian (March 22, 2017)
Has Iran mismanaged its way into a water crisis? - Equal Times (March 22, 2017)
Iran: paralyzed by environmental neglect - DW (March 6, 2017)
The Usual Suspects: Iran Blames Iraq for Desert Storm - Sputnik News (March 1, 2017)
Some $250m allocated to Lake Urmia restoration program - Tehran Times (January 10, 2017)
A Witness to Iran’s Intensifying Struggle with Climate Change - New Yorker (January 2, 2017)
December 4 marking Intl. Cheetah Day: World’s fastest land animal is racing against extinction - Tehran Times (December 4, 2016)
Water Bankruptcy: How Can Iran Resolve Growing Problems With Drought - Sputnik News (November 21, 2016)
Deadly Smog Shrouds Tehran - NASA (November 18, 2016)
Nature’s Wonders: Two-Headed Turtle Born in Iran - Sputnik News (October 29, 2016)
Iranian coastal waters: New home to a rarely seen venomous sea snake - Science Daily (October 10, 2016)
The world's fastest animal is in a race for survival in Iran - LA Times (September 29, 2016)
‘I’m Lake Urmia’ campaign seeking international support - Tehran Times (September 27, 2016)
‘I am Lake Urmia’: a social media campaign takes on the environment in Iran - TB (September 23, 2016)
FAO launches four-year holistic program to save Urmia Lake - ULRP (September 7, 2016)
Iran's Lake Urmia – in pictures - The Guardian (September 2, 2016)
Two female Asiatic cheetahs remain in wild in Iran, say conservationists - The Guardian (August 30, 2016)
Iran celebrates 2nd Asiatic Cheetah Festival - Tehran Times (August 29, 2016)
French Environment Minister Royal announces joint projects on Iran visit - RFI (August 28, 2016)
Paradise Lost? Iran's Environmental Crisis - Small Media (August 24, 2016)
Red Lake Urmia - NASA (July 26, 2016)
Sand Storms Turn Some Regions in Iran into “Hell” - Atlantic Council (July 26, 2016)
Iranian Technology to Rescue Indian Cities from Rising Air Pollution - Sputnik News (June 23, 2016)
DiCaprio’s reaction to Lake Urmia stresses its importance - Mehr News (May 14, 2016)
Air pollution rising at an 'alarming rate' in world's cities - The Guardian (May 12, 2016)
A grand but faulty vision for Iran's water problems - TB (May 9, 2016)
Leonardo DiCaprio Raises Awareness About Dire State of Iranian Lake - Sputnik News (May 6, 2016)
UNEP Executive Director Visits Iran for Interfaith Dialogue on the Environment and Culture - UNEP (April 30, 2016)
Saving Iran's Precious Lake Urmia - Scientific Aamerican (April 26, 2016)
Can Iran boost production while cutting greenhouse gases? - BBC (April 22, 2016)
Saving The Desert Cheetahs Of Iran - WBUR (March 24, 2016)
Man-made Issues Exacerbate Iran's Water Crisis - VOA (December 5, 2015)
Nuclear deal could give Iran technologies to cut pollution - BBC (November 30, 2015)
Saving dying Urmia Lake now a priority for Iran - ULRP (November 27, 2015)
Feature: Iran's fragile ecosystems under pressure - Science (September 2, 2015)
Feature: Saving Iran’s great salt lake - Science (September 2, 2015)
The big business of trophy hunting in Iran - BBC (August 11, 2015)
Iran city hits suffocating heat index of 154 degrees, near world record - WP (July 30, 2015)
How Iran's Khuzestan went from wetland to wasteland - TB (April 16, 2015)
In thirsty Iran, a hunt for solutions to a shrinking salt lake - CS Monitor (March 22, 2015)
Pollution and overfishing plague the Caspian Sea - TB (March 11, 2015)
Vanishing Lake - NASA (February 17, 2015)
Iran MPs wear medical face masks to protest air pollution - AFP (February 16, 2015)
The death of Iran's 'Dead Sea' - CNN (February 10, 2015)
Iran's wetlands: A smile amid grief - Mehr News (February 2, 2015)
Lake Urmia: how Iran's most famous lake is disappearing - TB (January 24, 2015)
Environment and Technology in ECO Ministerial Discussions, Iran VP says - Eco-Iest (January 3, 2015)
For Leopards in Iran and Iraq, Land Mines Are a Surprising Refuge - National Geographic (December 19, 2014)
Glaciers of Iran - in pictures - The Guardian (December 16, 2014)
The environmental consequences of Iran sanctions - TB (November 21, 2014)
Iran's water crisis the product of decades of bad planning - WP (July 2, 2014)
Dust Storms Cloud Iran's Future - Iran Primer (April 7, 2014)
Iran's government steps up efforts to tackle pollution - TB (March 10, 2014)
Khamenei Urges Action on Environment - Iran Primer (March 6, 2014)
Its Great Lake Shriveled, Iran Confronts Crisis of Water Supply - NY Times (January 30, 2014)
Iran, U.S. could team up on environmental issues - San Francisco Chronicle (November 15, 2013)
David Michel on Iran’s Environment: Greater Threat than Foreign Foes - Center for Climate & Security (October 30, 2013)
Iran's Environment: Greater Threat than Foreign Foes - Iran Primer (October 28, 2013)
Cheetahs' Iranian revival cheers conservationists - The Guardian (October 23, 2013)
Bans have inflicted damage on Iran environment: VP - Press TV (October 10, 2013)
Iran's Environment Protection Organization marks Children's Day - Press TV (October 9, 2013)
In Iran, Green Is Sometimes Safest - ENS (October 9, 2013)
Iran's Water Woes More Worrying than War - Green Prophet (August 19, 2013)
Iran's Ancient Ice Houses Showcase Sustainable Refrigeration - Green Prophet (May 6, 2013)
How Many Asiatic Cheetahs Roam across Iran? - Scientific American (March 29, 2013)
Oldest Persian Leopard Roams Threatened Iranian Park - Green Prophet (February 18, 2013)
Iran threatens to sue BP over pollution claims from Caspian Sea oil platforms - The Guardian (January 29, 2013)
Iran pollution worsens as thousands die - BBC (January 7, 2013)
Iranian Graphic Designers Fight Pollution and Climate Change - Green Prophet (December 16, 2013)
Climate Boundaries in Iran - NOAA (November 11, 2012)
Finding the Last Cheetahs of Iran - National Geographic (October 25, 2012)
Iran's Wetlands Face Uncertain Future - IIP Digital (July 4, 2012)
Iran Was Pioneer in Wetland Conservation in 1971 - IIP Digital (February 6, 2012)
The Drying of Iran's Lake Urmia and its Environmental Consequences - UNEP (February 2012)
The Cheetah Conservation Fund Declares 4 as International Cheetah Day - CFF (December 3. 2011)
Lake Orumiyeh, Iran - NASA (November 9, 2011)
Is Iran's drought the fault of the West? - BBC (October 8, 2011)
Ahvaz in Iran tops WHO air pollution index - BBC (September 29, 2011)
Iran, India, Pakistan and Mongolia have most polluted cities in the world - The Guardian (September 26, 2011)
Iranian greens fear disaster as Lake Orumieh shrinks - The Guardian (September 5, 2011)
Iran expert alarmed by 'critical' Caspian Sea pollution - AFP (May 15, 2011)
Iran's endangered cheetahs are a unique subspecies - BBC (January 24, 2011)
Tehran chokes and blames severe pollution on US sanctions - The Guardian (December 9, 2010)
Iran declares second pollution holiday - BBC (December 1, 2010)
Iran: Pollution causes shutdown in Tehran - BBC (November 23, 2010)
Endangered "onager" foals bred in captivity - USA Today (August 2, 2010)
Caspian Sea oil boom raises pollution fears - BBC (June 8, 2010)
Iran environment in grave danger - Press TV (October 28, 2009)
Iran hit by sandstorm pollution - BBC (July 7, 2009)
As the crow flies: birds flee Tehran's polluted air - The Guardian (January 13, 2009)
Tehran looks to the skies for cheap power from the sun - The Guardian (January 9, 2009)
Iran: A Summary of oiled wildlife response - Sea Alarm (January 7, 2009)
Environmental engineering education in Iran: Needs, problems and solutions. Environmental Engineering - EEMJ (Nov/Dec 2008)
Suicide or murder? Iran blames US after 152 dolphins die - The Guardian (November 2, 2007)
Iran: Environment Takes A Back Seat To Development Plans - RFE/RL (August 27, 2007)
Iran's Pollution Worries Come by Air and Water - NPR (January 31, 2007)
Iran smog 'kills 3,600 in month' - BBC (January 9, 2007)
Mainstreaming environment in the energy sector - the case of the energy- environment review for Iran - World Bank (December 1, 2006)
Iran: Tehran Facing Critical Air Pollution -- Again - RFE (January 3, 2005)
NASA Satellite allow USDA to see world's lakes rise and fall - GSFC NASA (August 27, 2003)
Lake Urmia height variations (USDA)
Tehran moves toward Kyoto treaty - IRIN (October 30, 2003)
Iran blames Iraq for border fires - BBC (October 30, 2002)
CCF Works with the Iranian Cheetah Society (ICS) to Save the Iranian Cheetah - CCF (Summer 2002)
Wild asses struggle for life in Iran - CNN (July 19, 2001)
Gazelle revival in Iran leaves farmers all wet - CNN (July 10, 2001)
When rivers cease to flow - BBC (June 29, 2001)
Environmental initiatives in contemporary Iran (June 2, 2001)
Farmers quit Iran drought villages - BBC (June 20, 2001)
Mesopotamia's marshes 'set to vanish' - BBC (May 16, 2001)
Vanishing Marshes of Mesopotamia (NASA)
Iranians race to save flamingoes - BBC (August 31, 2000)
Iran 2000 Expedition
Environmental policy-making for sustainable development of the Caspian Sea area (UNU)
Iran - Environment strategy study - World Bank (May 31, 1995)
Iran-e-Sabz Environmental news (Archives)

International Environmental OrganizationsPersian Leopard
Center for International Environmental Law
European Environment Agency (EEA)
UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Center
World Conservation Union (IUCN)
IUCN Redlist

Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation (PWHF)Iranian Cheetah Stamp
Persian Wildlife Foundation
Iran: Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks
National Parks of Iran (Iranica)
Animal Info
Asiatic Cheetah
Birding in Iran
Birding Resources
Birdwatching Information
Birds of Golestan Province
Eagles in Iran
Caspian Tiger: Golestan National ParkChaetodontoplus Septentrionalis Stamp
Fauna of Cenral Asia (Iranica)
Caspian Tiger: Hirkan National Park
Conservation of Asiatic Cheetah Project (CACP)
Iranian Cheetah Society
'Cheetahs in Iran (Video)
Fauna of Persia (Iranica)
All fishes of Iran
List of Threatened Fishes for Iran
Iranian Horses
Iran Zoo
The Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation (PWHF) Wildlife Magazine 1968
Persian Wildlife
Parks, Reserves, and Other Protected Areas in Iran
Protected Areas (UNEP)
Threatened Species (ICUN Redlist)-Search for Iran
Nature & Wildlife Museum of Iran | English Index

Flora: Historical Background (Iranica)
Flora in Persia (Iranica)
Flora of Iran
Iran's Flora (EECRG)
Category: Flora of Iran
Biodiversity and phytogeography of the alpine flora of Iran
Conserving the rare and endemic flora of Iran
American - Iranian Botanical ProgramCrocus sativus: Saffron Crocus - Birjand
A Botanical Paradise in The Zagros Mountains of Iran
Flower and flora in Iran's Mountains (Gallery)

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
International Journal of Environmental Research
Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Donyaye Vahsh Monthly Magazine
Iran Nature and Wildlife Magazine
Environment JournalsPoppy Flowers in Khansar - ISNA

Environmental Policies and Strategic Communication in Iran (2008)
The Complete Fauna of Iran (2005)
Water on Sand: Environmental Histories of the Middle East and North Africa (2012)

Image Gallery
Islands | Lakes
Iran MountainsIran - ISNA
Iran Wildlife

Wild Iran
Iran: Golestan's National Park & Wildlife Refuge
Persian leopard: Golestan National Park

Nature and Ecotours
Ecotour IranIran - ISNA
Iran Safari

Related Information

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