The Tehran Protocol
December 21, 1911
The Persian and Ottoman
Governments, inspired by a common desire to avoid henceforward
any subjects of controversy in respect of their common frontiers,
having instructed the Persian Minister for Foreign Affairs and
the Turkish Ambassador at Tehran, respectively, to establish the
bases of negotiations and the procedure to be followed for the
delimitation of the said frontiers, the undersigned, after
discussion, have agreed on the following points:
I. A Commission consisting of an equal number of delegates of
either Party shall meet as early as possible at Constantinople.
II. The delegates of the two Governments, furnished with all the
documents and evidence in support of their claims, shall be
instructed to establish the boundary line separating the two
countries in a spirit of sincere impartiality; after which a
technical commission shall have merely to apply the definite
delimitation on the spot, on the basis laid down by the former
III. The work of the Joint Commission, which will meet at
Constantinople, shall be based on the clauses of the treaty known
as the Treaty of Erzerum, concluded in 1847.
IV. Should the delegates of the two Parties fail to agree on the
interpretation and application of certain clauses of that treaty,
it is agreed that, at the end of a period of six months of
negotiation, in order completely to settle the question of the
delimitation of the frontiers, all the points on which any
divergence exists shall be submitted together to the Court of
Arbitration at The Hague, in order that the entire question may
thus be definitely settled.
V. It is understood that neither of the two Parties may adduce
the military occupation of the territories in dispute as a legal
Done in duplicate and exchanged in original between the
undersigned acting on behalf of their Governments.
The Imperial Ottoman Embassy, Tehran, 21 December 1911
(signed) Wossughed-Dowleh (signed) H. Hassib.
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